Trees to 12 m,
rarely to 20 m tall, glabrous; branchlets grey-brown, lenticellate. Leaves
alternate, papery, reddish when young, leaf blade elliptic or oblong-ovate,
4 - 10 cm long, 2.5 - 5 cm wide, base cuneate, apex obtuse or shortly
acuminate, with several rounded glands on near margin abaxially; midvein
elevated on both surfaces, lateral veins 8 - 12, alternate or nearly
opposite; petioles 2 - 7.5 cm long, biglandular at apex; stipules small,
subovate, ca. 1 mm long. Flowers monoecious in terminate racemes;
inflorescences 4 - 9 cm long, female in lower part, male in upper part or
throughout. Fruit is Capsules black, globose, 1 - 1.5 cm in diameter, column
persistent. Seeds are subglobose, 4 - 5 mm long, 3 - 4 mm in diameter, with
thinly waxy arillus.
Timber used as match
poles and tea boxes, Roots and leaves are used as medicine for traumatic
injury, detoxify the viper bites. The seed oil used as source of soap.